The CDEs usage that vow of taxation credits to entice investors to place cash within their funds. The CDEs then seek out businesses in low-income areas to buy.

The CDEs usage that vow of taxation credits to entice investors to place cash within their funds. The CDEs then seek out businesses in low-income areas to buy.

The CDEs usage that vow of taxation credits to entice investors to place cash within their funds. The CDEs then seek out businesses in low-income areas to buy.

They discovered one out of Great Northern Paper.


Cate Street Capital bought the distressed paper mill in East Millinocket for $1 from Brookfield resource Management as well as 2 months later returned 200 employees for their jobs paper that is making. As being a name for the brand brand new papermaking subsidiary, Cate Street resurrected the fantastic Northern Paper moniker, made famous because of the initial company bearing that name that built the East Millinocket mill in 1906 and operated it for almost a hundred years before filing for bankruptcy.

The mill had been an employer that is major the Katahdin region associated with the state, a place beset with a high poverty and few job opportunities. Cate Street reported it had invested a lot more than $30 million from the mill since its purchase, like the purchase of a high-interest ten dollars million loan, however it required additional money for improvements to really make it more competitive in a increasingly worldwide market.

Stonehenge Community developing and Enhanced Community Development each promised $20 million for the total investment of $40 million. Because neither of the entities consented to speak about the offer, it is unclear the way they became a part of Great Northern Paper. (The law initially capped investments that are individual ten dollars million, however it ended up being later on amended in the demand of Cate Street, that also wished to utilize the system to improve funds for another subsidiary, Thermogen, to permit assets as much as $40 million in the event that project promises to produce or retain at the very least 200 jobs.)

The investors into the deal – those entities which had supplied the funds to Stonehenge and Enhanced – had been U.S. Bank, among the national country’s largest banks, and Vulcan Capital, the Seattle investment company started by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen.

Based on the yearly reports filed by Stonehenge and improved, U.S. Bank and Vulcan – represented as U.S. Bancorp Community developing Corp. and improved Capital Maine GNP LLC, correspondingly – each spent approximately $4.1 million, for a complete of $8.2 million. The remainder $40 million total investment arrived in the form of the aforementioned one-day loans that have been came back to the initial lenders the day that is same.

Whether U.S. Bank and Vulcan nevertheless possess their Maine income tax credits is uncertain. While Maine legislation stops income tax credits from being sold and bought, the investor’s equity stake into the CDE’s investment fund, which is sold with the main benefit of taxation credits, could be.

It can’t be proven because income tax documents are private, however it’s thought that neither U.S. Bank nor Vulcan, that will each get about $8 million in taxation credits, has any Maine tax obligation and thus would get cash refunds from Maine sales Services.

A representative for Vulcan failed to react to duplicated efforts by phone and e-mail for comment.

Shera Dalin, a spokeswoman for U.S. Bank, will never verify whether or not the bank possesses the income tax credits, nor would she reveal whether U.S. Bank has any Maine taxation obligation, which will see whether the taxation credits get toward offsetting its goverment tax bill or could possibly be refunded for money.

“Unfortunately, I’m perhaps not likely to be in a position to provide you with any information or remark about this,” Dalin said.

Michael Allen, associate commissioner for taxation policy at Maine sales Services, declined to express whom holds the taxation credits because taxpayer info is private.

“Well, they file a (taxation) return and get good results through the state, a reimbursement of some kind, and that’s private taxpayer information relating to Title 36,” Allen stated. “Sorry about that. Simply following a law.”


Roney, FAME’s counsel that is general admits to being “a little difficult” if the Great Northern investment deal first came across their desk. It had been Roney whom published the rules – in line with the language that is legislative governing the income tax credit system and it is tasked with reviewing the proposed jobs and advising FAME’s board, helping to make the greatest choice on awarding taxation credits.

He had been unsettled by amount of problems.

First had been that Great Northern stated it might utilize a percentage for the investment to pay for straight straight back a high-interest loan of $10 million the business guaranteed in 2011 whenever it reopened the mill. The business argued that because the profits of that loan had been allocated to capital expenses at the mill, with the state’s tax credit system retroactively to stay that debt should really be permitted. In a memo to FAME’s board dated Dec. 18, 2012, Roney warned about establishing a precedent that will want it to deal with refinancing past expenditures the identical to funding future opportunities.

That, nevertheless, had not been Roney’s problem that is biggest aided by the deal.

The larger issue had been compared to the $40 million, Great Northern wished to utilize approximately 75 % from it to buy assets the mill currently owned, then instantly funnel the funds back once again to the initial loan providers.

“No funds are now actually utilized to shop for extra products or solutions, or even to build extra facilities. Current assets are changing fingers among associated entities,” Roney penned to FAME’s board within the exact same memo.

Here’s exactly exactly how Cate Street, Stonehenge, and Enhanced accomplished that: First, Cate Street developed an entity that is new GNP Maine Holdings LLC to get the $40 million investment. That entity then paid the $31.8 million to GNP East Inc., the existing Cate Street-controlled entity that owned the mill, to purchase the paper devices and gear. Following the deal, GNP East ended up being left buying just the land. (Both entities ultimately filed for bankruptcy.)

After attempting to sell its gear to its sibling subsidiary, GNP East passed the purchase proceeds to another Cate entity that is street-controlled this 1 called GNP NMTC Finance Co. – which in turn funneled the $31.8 million back again to the first loan providers, based on papers supplied to FAME’s board.

The funds changed fingers eight times in Enhanced’s percentage of the offer and seven times in Stonehenge’s deal, at the very least in component due to the complexity of this U.S. taxation rule and guidelines Maine’s New Markets that is governing program.

Whenever Roney and FAME’s staff voiced concern within the deal’s framework, Chris Howard, the lawyer through the Portland lawyer Pierce Atwood whom assisted produce the system and represented Stonehenge, improved and Cate Street when you look at the deal, argued that making use of one-day loans will be qualified underneath the program that is federal so ought to be beneath the Maine system, aswell.

The program that is federal one-day loans, which financiers state are the best solution to refinance previous expenses. But federal regulators don’t veterinarian each investment deal as it is done in Maine. The city Development finance institutions Fund, which administers the New that is federal Markets, only ratings previous deals described in CDEs’ yearly reports. Due to this, it is confusing how many times one-day loans are utilized into the program that is federal artificially inflate the worthiness of a good investment.